Popular people's struggles in the Global South suggest the need for the development of new and politically enabling categories of analysis, and new ways of understanding contemporary social movements. It shows how social movements in Africa, South Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East politicize development in an age of neoliberal hegemony. It will be explores the complexities and potential for change in a new wave concerned with contemporary patterns of development. New social movements emerged in the 1980s in Europe. These movements were seen as "new" in contrast to the "old" working‐class movement identified by Marxists as the major challenger to capitalist society. By contrast, NSMs are organized around gender, race, ethnicity, youth, sexuality, spirituality, countercultures, environmentalism, animal rights, human rights, and the like. New social movements emerged in the 1970s to explain the proliferation of post-industrial, quality-of-life movements that are difficult to analyze using traditional social movement (Melucci 1989). As the German Green Party slogan of the 1980s suggests - "We are neither right nor left, but ahead" - the appeal of the new social movements also tends to cut across traditional class, party politics, and socioeconomic affiliations to politicize aspects of everyday life traditionally seen as outside politics. Moreover, the movements themselves are more flexible, diverse, shifting, and informal in participation and membership.