Reviewer carolineht | Review

#376 Factors for enacting of social remittances of migrants ‘returning with resources‘. The case of Lithuania

Coresponding author's contact details

First name Vytis Middle name Last name Ciubrinskas
Title PhD Organization / Institution Vytautas Magnus University Department n/a
Address Jonavos street 66 Postal / Zip code LT 44244 Country LT
E-Mail Hidden Phone number Hidden Presenting author Yes

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Abstract title

Factors for enacting of social remittances of migrants ‘returning with resources‘. The case of Lithuania

Abstract text

Contemporary pattern of Lithuanian out-migration could be seen as transnational livelihood/lifestyle crossing nation-state borders but still involved in transnational relationality/reciprocity with migrant’s immediate family and friends staying in homeland. Such relationality effects on motivation for remigration and goes along with assuming of return as ‘empowering mechanism… giving value at least as human being’ (Simsek-Caglar 1994 in Capo Zmegac 2010:236). This presentation is based on ongoing research among high-skilled first-generation return migrants in Lithuania focusing on factors for enactment of social remittances. Starting with moral economy factor based on relational responsibility of returnees expected to reciprocate to those who stayed by ‘gift of communality’ (Hage 2002) as ‘gift’ given to their families/relatives as moral and emotional support. Another factor is framed by the dominant discourse - returnees from the West being portrayed as ‘returning with resources’ and expected to share their resourcefulness in the forms of initiatives, values, experiences etc. and eventually ‘to make a change’. This factor corelates with returnees’ self-confidence and seeking recognition/merit by remitting of their intellectual, social, and cultural capital gained abroad. ‘Know how’, experiences, initiatives etc. are shared with locals, but also expected to be reciprocated - locals granting them prestige and meritocratic statuses for their professional impact and public participation. The factor of identity construction is framed as cultural citizenship, while abroad, but is more complex upon return. Cosmopolitanism vis-à-vis nationalism is competing in shaping of loyalties and identities of returnees, so their social remittances become enacted as organizational skills in public/civic actions and organizations.

Conference topic

Panel no. 87 - Capitalizing Return. Remigrants and Transnational Networks as Significant Actors of Change

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Abstract Review

This abstract was reviewed on 2021-01-08 13:02h by carolineht

Reviewer decision